ترس کودکان

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1783 بازدید

ترس کودکان

متن با ترجمه

. در این مقاله ما کاربرد استعمال ( شیوه درمانی ost برای فوبیای خاص در فرد جوان مورد بررسی قرار می دهیم و بر موضوعات عملی که مرتبط با ost می باشد و استفاده از این شیوه درمانی در یک محیط بالینی تأکید می کنیم . ما همچنین به طور خلاصه نتایج برآیند حاصل از مطالعات درمانی را بررسی می کنیم و دستورالعمل ها و جهت گیریهای آتی برای تحقیقات بالینی و آموزش عملکردهای بالینی را پیشنهاد خواهیم داد. ما در نهایت بدین نتیجه می رسیم که ost یک شیوه درمانی مفید و کارا می باشد.

 

33صفحه فونت 12 انگلیسی + 22 صفحه ترجمه فارسی فایل ورد قیمت:7000تومان

 

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متن انگلیسی پژوهش عملیاتی با ترجمه

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1862 بازدید

Operations research

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Operations research, operational research, or simply OR, is the use of mathematical models, statistics and algorithms to aid in decision-making. It is most often used to analyze complex real-world systems, typically with the goal of improving or optimizing performance. It is one form of applied mathematics.

Contents

  • 1 Operations research in context
  • 2 Areas of application
  • 3 Professional societies
  • 4 Origins and the name
  • 5 Examples
  • 6 See also
  • 7 External links

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Operations research in context

The terms operations research and management science are often used synonymously. When a distinction is drawn, management science generally implies a closer relationship to the problems of business management.

Operations research also closely relates to industrial engineering. Industrial engineering takes more of an engineering point of view, and industrial engineers typically consider OR techniques to be a major part of their toolset

 

 

 

5صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 با ترجمه فارسی

 

قیمت 5000 تومان

 

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ترجمه آماده پژوهش عملیاتی

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1882 بازدید

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
OA key focus for management is determining steps that can achieve Productivity Gain – and doing it before the competition. A valuable tool in this quest is operations research (O.R.), a field devoted to the creation and management of productivity gain. Operations researchers identify ways to achieve high levels of performance. They approach productivity gain by uniquely conceptualizing problems at the organizational level. Their solutions flow naturally from the way they describe, understand, appreciate, and represent these problems. An operations researchers’ approach is to analyze traditional quantities, such as profit, cost, efficiency, and other practical, measurable items. Operations research, the discipline of applying advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions, has come to be known as “the science of better.” Organizations that don’t rely on O.R. to identify the opportunities to improve productivity that are inherent in their firms’ structure will likely operate below potential. The range of savings generated by O.R. models is broad, from modest to billions of dollars. Examples of productivity gains that would not otherwise have existed are seen in case studies of Sears, Weyerhaeuser, National Car Rental, Taco Bell, HP, and Procter & Gamble.
We all know that some people are better executives than others. This is true at even the most senior levels within an organization.
Question: the skillful execution of what kind of task is most central, most important in your own definition of excellence in general management?
There are quite a few potential candidates for this honor and, of course, the list will vary somewhat from business to business. Some answers will focus on abilities like strategic insight and seasoned judgment. Others will emphasize interpersonal skills, character and leadership. Many will reflect such fundamental truths as that good management is all about creating a perfect organization from a large number of imperfect parts.
One type of response will surely stress the uniquely managerial responsibility for creating more and more out of less and less, for getting the very most out of the limited and expensive human, material and financial resources available to that executive. It’s this definition, togeth

 

10صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 10 ص ترجمه قیمت 6000 تومان

 

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ترجمه آماده حسابداری دولتی

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1899 بازدید

چرا حسابداری دولتی و گزارش گری دولتی جدا هستند و باید متفاوت باشند.

WHY GOVERNMENTAL ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL

 

REPORTING IS—AND SHOULD BE—DIFFERENT

 

 

 

Executive Summary

 

Governments are fundamentally different from for-profit business enterprises in several

important ways. They have different purposes, processes of generating revenues, stakeholders,

budgetary obligations, and propensity for longevity. These differences require separate

accounting and financial reporting standards in order to provide information to meet the needs of

stakeholders to assess government accountability and to make political, social, and economic

decisions. Although state and local governments in the United States have had separate standards

for over 100 years, occasionally the question is raised: Why can’t general purpose governments

(cities and counties, for example) simply apply the standards established for business

enterprises?1  The following questions and answers briefly address that issue, and the


accompanying paper and its appendixes provide an expanded discussion

 

 

34صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 31 ص ترجمه قیمت

 

10000 تومان

 

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ترجمه آماده مفهوم ریسک در حسابرسی

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1685 بازدید

opponents in a chess match, each seeing the playing field (in this case, the business) from his or her particular point of view.

In a risk-based audit, the auditor sits on the same side of the desk as the client. Now the client has a partner, an ally, since both are viewing the business from the same perspective.

The Limitations of the Traditional Approach

Now, let’s get specific about the business of construction.  In a traditional audit, auditors typically make all of their audit decisions on the basis of materiality, which is a percentage (or a fraction of a percentage) of a contractor’s volume.  The inter­nal controls established by the contractor are not extensively evaluated for audit-efficiency purposes because the focus is on verifying the numbers presented in the financial state­ments. In the end, the auditor verifies what the contractor already knows – the company made money on some jobs and lost some on others. Then, the contractor gets a bill and the process repeats itself again next year

 

 

16صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه ترجمه فارسی قیمت 6000 تومان

 

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متن انگلیسی در مورد دارایی (حسابداری) همراه با ترجمه فارسی

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
847 بازدید

Asset

In business and accounting by asset is meant economic resources controlled by an entity as a result of past transactions or events and from which future economic benefits may be obtained.

Asset characteristics

Assets have three essential characteristics:

  • They embody a future benefit that involves a capacity, singly or in combination with other assets, in the case of profit oriented enterprises, to contribute directly or indirectly to future net cash flows, and, in the case of not-for-profit organizations, to provide services;
  • The entity can control access to the benefit; and,
  • The transaction or event giving rise to the entity's right to, or control of, the benefit has already occurred

19صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 35 ص ترجمه قیمت 9000 تومان

 

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ده فایده سازمان تجارت جهانی (متن انگلیسی با ترجمه)

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
784 بازدید

The world is complex. This booklet is brief, but it tries to reflect the
complex and dynamic nature of trade. It highlights some of the benefits
of the WTO’s ““trading system, but it doesn’t claim that everything is
perfect—otherwise there would be no need for further negotiations and
for the system to evolve and reform continually.
Nor does it claim that everyone agrees with everything in the WTO. That’s
one of the most important reasons for having the system: it’s a forum for
countries to thrash out their differences on trade issues.
That said, there are many over-riding reasons why we’re better off with the
system than without it. Here are 10 of them.
The 10 benefits
1. The system helps promote peace
2. Disputes are handled constructively
3. Rules make life easier for all
4. Freer trade cuts the costs of living
5. It provides more choice of products and qualities
6. Trade raises incomes
7. Trade stimulates economic growth
8. The basic principles make life more efficient

18صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 20 ص ترجمه قیمت 6000 تومان

 

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ترجمه آماده حسابداری : رابطه بين كسورات بودجه و وروديهای سرمايه ای

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
796 بازدید

The Relationship between Budget Deficits and
Capital Inflows: Further Econometric Evidence
N. R. VASUDEVA MURTHY and JOSEPH M. PHILLIPS
Creighton University
This research note examines the impact offederal deficits on U.S. capital inflows. Expanding on
the previous work of Bahmani-Oskooee and Payesteh (1994), we employ the relatively new maximum
likelihood procedure developed byJ o h ansen (I 988) and Johansen and Juselius (I 990) to do
cointegration tests. The results find a long run relationship between blcdget de&its and capital
inflow. In addition, findings j?om error-correlation modeling reveal that short&m d&equilibria
in financial markets are corrected very rapidly, suggesting that these markets are efficient.
I. INTRODUCTION
In a recent issue of this journal Bahmani-Oskooee and Payesteh (1994) have
shown that in the United States budget deficits led to capital inflows in the 1973-
88 period. Using the Engle-Granger (1987) residual-based two-step cointegration
procedure and error-correction model, they found budget deficits and capital
inflows to be cointegrated. They attributed the relationship between budget
deficits and capital inflows to rising interest rates caused by public borrowing
and to improved expectations based on increased economic growth resulting
from budget stimulus. The evidence provided by Bahmani-Oskooee and Payesteh
(hereafter BP) has made an important contribution to our understanding of
the effect of budget deficits on the economy. The purpose of this note is to
extend the evidence on the relationship between budget deficits and capital
flows by examining the data using the most recent cointegration procedure
developed by Johansen (1988) and Johansen and Juselius (1990). Subsequent
analysis has suggested that the Engle-Granger cointegration technique suffers
from a number of econometric shortcomings. Our results further confirm the
existence of a long-run link between budget deficits and capital inflows. Moreover,
we find that short-run disequilibria in the relationship of budget deficits

 

10صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 12 ص ترجمه قیمت 7000 تومان

 

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ترجمه آماده مدیریت تولید

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
1636 بازدید

Career Guide - Production Management

 

THE WORK

Production managers oversee the production process in all types of manufacturing operation, from car manufacture to clothing or footwear production.  Their main concern is to make the best use of available resources (labour, materials, plant and money).  This involves ensuring that production targets are achieved and customer orders completed according to specification and on time.  This involves organising production into cost centre areas, with supervisors of those areas agreeing performance standards for which they are accountable.

Managers spend much of their time attending meetings and liaising with colleagues, including manufacturing/production planners/controllers and supervisors.  The present arguments, write reports, keep records and also undertake numerical work involving use of computers.  When problems arise during manufacturing, they liaise with colleagues to identify the problem, find the causes, take corrective action and carry out follow-up procedures

5صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 5 ص ترجمه قیمت 5000 تومان

 

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ريسک سود مازاد ارزش‌ های ذاتی و قيمت‌ های سهام( متن انگلیسی با ترجمه)

دسته بندی: ترجمه آماده
827 بازدید

ترجمه مقاله

ريسك سود مازاد ارزش‌های ذاتی و قيمت‌های سهام

 

نوشته:

استفن پي باجينسكي ـ جيمز ام والن

 

Residual income risk, intrinsic values, and share prices.
by Stephen P. Baginski and James M. Wahlen
Empirical accounting research provides surprisingly little evidence on whether accounting
earnings numbers capture cross-sectional differences in risk that are associated with
cross-sectional differences in share prices. We address two questions regarding the
risk-relevance of accounting numbers: (1) Are accounting-related risk measures (i.e., the
systematic risk and total volatility in a firm’s time-series of residual return on equity) associated
with the market’s assessment and pricing of equity risk? (2) If so, then are these
accounting-related risk measures incrementally associated with the market’s assessment and
pricing of equity risk beyond other observable factors, such as those in the Fama and French
(1992) three-factor model?
We develop an accounting-fundamentals-based measure of the market’s pricing of risk--the
difference between actual share price and a residual income valuation model estimate of share
value using risk-free rates of return. Our results show that both systematic risk and total volatility
in residual return on equity partially explain this pricing differential, and that the explanatory
power of total volatility is incremental to the Fama and French (1992) factors--market beta, firm
size, and the market-to-book ratio

 

29صفحه متن انگلیسی فایل ورد (Word) فونت 14 بهمراه 59 ص ترجمه قیمت 9000 تومان

 

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.